What are lice?
Although they are "ugly", annoying, itchy and it is strange to think that there may be insects in our hair, lice of the head, in itself, are not a health hazard, nor are they a sign of poor hygiene.
Lice are some insects, very small, that are born, grow, wander and "sometimes" die on people's hair, companion animals are not susceptible to lice.
They usually appear in children, but can be spread by adults, children and the elderly.
Lice color can be gray or black, and because of their small size they can be difficult to see.
The life of these small insects, ranges between 16 and 30 days, feeding on human blood, their life is reduced to 24 hours if they could not find their food.
The females lay, during their adulthood an average of 150 eggs, the nits, these if they are easier to see, due to their white color and their oval shape, although it is easy to confuse them with dandruff. To differentiate them, it is enough to know that dandruff is very easily detached from the hair, while nits stick and must be removed thoroughly with the help of a special comb. They are usually placed behind the ears or around the neck area, the nits will hatch from the eggs after 6 days ... multiplying in this way very quickly.
Causes of the appearance of lice:
Lice pass from head to head in many ways.
Children spend most of the day playing, sharing experiences, and head-to-head contact is inevitable. If one of them has lice, it is easy for them to pass them on.
Lending clothes, hats, caps is one of the easiest methods for lice to move from head to head.
Sharing combs, pillows, helmets ... are also common ways of spreading lice.
To avoid a possible contagion or to catch it in time, a series of prevention measures will suffice:
- If there are lice, radically avoid sharing combs, brushes, towels, clothing, hats, etc ... anything that can cause lice.
Treat hair immediately if you find any nits, which are easier to see, or any lice.
- If there are no lice, check your child often, once a week or two.
- If a warning comes from the school, take the appropriate measures, immediately check the hair and if you find it, act, as indicated above.
ITCH: When a person has lice, the most typical thing is that they scratch.
Lice feed 6 times a day on human blood, to facilitate this task, they release an irritating saliva to our senses, which makes us scratch.
Scratching causes wounds or skin infections, that is why a person with lice may have pimples on the head.
Even with these symptoms, we repeat what was said before; although they are "ugly", annoying, itchy and it is strange to think that there may be insects in our hair, head lice, in themselves, are not a health hazard, nor are they a sign of poor hygiene.